Certain foods prevent tooth decay. Fluoride is the primary protector against dental caries. Fluoride makes the tooth surface more resistant to acids during the remineralization process. Some dentists recommend drinking fluoridated water, while others believe that the use of toothpaste is sufficient. Milk and cheese are rich in calcium and phosphate and can also encourage remineralization. Food increases the secretion of saliva which, since saliva contains buffer chemicals, helps to stabilize the pH factor to close to 7 (neutral) in the oral cavity. Fiber-rich foods can also help saliva flow, and rich bites of fiber such as celery direct saliva toward food trapped in pits and cracks on the tooth surface, which account for 80% of total caries, to break down sugars, neutralize acid and remineralize the tooth on easily accessible surfaces. Sugar-free chewing gum stimulates the secretion of saliva, which helps clean the tooth surface.
According to the World Association of Dentists, this is the best food for teeth:
- Green tea contains polyphenol antioxidant ingredients that reduce calculus, tooth decay and gum disease. Green tea can alleviate bad breath and strengthen tooth enamel due to its high fluoride content.
- Dairy products are useful due to the low level of acid, which reduces tooth wear. Also, dairy products are rich in calcium, the basic ingredient of teeth.
- Cheese contains calcium and phosphate, which helps maintain the pH balance in the oral cavity, preserves (and restores) tooth enamel, secretes saliva and kills bacteria that cause caries and disease.
- Fruits such as apples, strawberries and kiwis contain vitamin C. This vitamin is considered to be the element that holds cells together. If this vitamin is neglected, the cells in the gums can break down, which will make the gums sensitive and susceptible to diseases.
- Vegetables: Vitamin A, which is found in pumpkin, carrots, potatoes and broccoli, is necessary for the formation of tooth enamel. Crunchy vegetables can also help clean your gums.
- Onions contain antibacterial sulfur ingredients. Tests have shown that onions kill different types of bacteria, especially when eaten raw.
- Celery protects teeth by stimulating the secretion of saliva, which neutralizes the acid that causes demineralization and caries. He also massages his gums.
- Sesame reduces tartar and helps build tooth enamel. It also contains a lot of calcium.
- Meat: Beef, chicken, turkey and eggs contain phosphorus, which, along with calcium, is one of the two most important minerals for teeth and bones.
- Water cleanses the oral cavity and stimulates the secretion of saliva, which stores essential minerals in the teeth. Water hydrates the gums and washes away food particles from the teeth.
Sugar is usually associated with dental caries. Other carbohydrates, especially potato chips, can also damage teeth, although to a lesser extent (and indirectly), because starch is previously converted into sugars by salivary amylase (salivary enzyme). Sugars that have a higher stickiness index, such as e.g. caramel sweets cause more damage to teeth than those with a lower stickiness index, such as certain types of chocolate or most fruits.
Sucrose is most associated with tooth decay. The amount of sugar ingested at one time is less important than the frequency of consuming sugar-rich foods and beverages. The more often sugar is consumed, the longer the time in which the teeth are exposed to a low pH value, whereby demineralization occurs (below 5.5 for most people). Therefore, it is important to reduce the intake of sugar-rich foods and beverages as much as possible, so that the teeth are given time to recover by remineralization and fluoride. Restricting the consumption of such food is one way to reduce the occurrence of caries. Sugars from fruits and fruit juices, e.g. glucose, fructose and maltose equally cause caries.
Acid from fruit juice, vinegar and juices lower the pH level in the oral cavity, which causes demineralization of enamel. Drinking juices such as orange juice or cola juice throughout the day greatly increases the risk of caries.
Another factor that significantly affects the development of caries is the stickiness of food. Certain foods or sweets stick to the teeth and reduce the pH value in the oral cavity, especially if they have a lot of sugar. It is very important to brush your teeth at least twice a day, preferably with a toothbrush and toothpaste, in order to remove any food that may stick to your teeth. Regular use of dental floss and toothbrush removes tartar from the tooth surface.
Chewing gum helps clean between and around the teeth, removing debris, but in the case of teeth in poor condition, it can damage or remove loose fillings. Sugar-free chewing gums that contain xylitol are healthy