Sinus lift is a procedure that serves to increase the amount of bone when there is not enough bone for implants to be placed in the upper jaw.
Sinus lift involves accessing the sinus cavity, lifting its mucous membrane and inserting an artificial bone into the interspace. It is indicated in patients in whom there is not enough bone in the region of the upper molars for implant placement.It is often the case that patients who do not have teeth for a long time or have been actively involved in sports in their youth experience resorption of the upper jaw bone, in which case a sinus lift is sometimes indicated to create conditions for implant placement.
The assessment of the need for a sinus lift is made on the basis of orthopan images as well as 3D images. The procedure itself is painless and is performed under local anesthesia. This procedure is completely routine and is often used in modern dentistry.
The frenulum is the part of the mucosa that connects the lip or tongue to the mucosa that is attached to the bone. A short frenulum under the tongue can cause speech problems, misspellings, and swallowing problems. When it comes to the short frenulum that connects the upper lip it can lead to a gap between the first upper incisors as well as lowering the lip and pulling the gums. Routine and short intervention is performed under local anesthesia, it is completely painless and implies quick recovery..
Root apicotomy is a procedure used to treat changes at the tips of tooth roots. They can occur as a result of several factors – from cysts caused by trauma to the remnants of bacteria in the treatment of root canals. These changes are always accompanied by the formation of a cavity in the bone in the area of the top of the root. Resection involves surgical cleaning of the infection or cyst and shortening of the root tip and filling of the tooth canal during the intervention itself.
The cavity that remains in the bone can be filled with a bone substitute, which facilitates healing and the formation of new bone. Apicotomy is performed under local anesthesia and is completely painless. After 7 days, the sutures are removed. It is recommended that after one year, a control image and clinical examination be performed in order to control the formation of bone and the filling of the remaining cavity.
Cysts are cavities that are lined with epithelium and filled with contents that can be liquid or solid, they can develop in the jaw bones as well as in the soft tissue. They occur as a result of an infection or injury, an unerupted tooth or some other type of trauma. Bone cysts most often occur in patients with poor oral hygiene, large caries and gangrene of the dental pulp.
They are most often detected when the infection passes into the acute phase and there is swelling, pain or the appearance of a fistula at the root of the tooth. If it is a cyst around an unerupted tooth or if it was caused by trauma, they are most often seen on an orthopedic image. Cysts are treated exclusively surgically, by removal from bone or soft tissue. The intervention is performed under local anesthesia and is painless.
When they grow, cysts can seriously endanger a patient’s health by destroying the surrounding bone or putting pressure on the anatomical structures that surround it. They can lead to the loss of several teeth, damage to the functions of the salivary glands, and even to spontaneous cracking of the bones.
SURGICAL WISDOM TOOTH REMOVAL
Wisdom teeth are the last teeth in the dentition – the so-called eights. As life in the modern age implies less solid food, so the jaw bones develop less. Their underdevelopment means that there is often not enough space for wisdom teeth and they have to be taken out before they emerge. This problem has been occurring in an increasing percentage in the last two decades, so most younger patients have a problem with wisdom teeth.
If not removed in time, they can cause tooth movement, joint problems, bite problems, loss of an adjacent tooth, as well as pain and swelling when erupting.
The decision whether the wisdom teeth should be removed or not is made on the basis of an orthopedic image, clinical examination and consultation with a jaw orthopedic specialist. Surgical removal of wisdom teeth involves their removal before they occur and is most often performed on patients after the age of 17. In rare cases, when it is absolutely necessary, wisdom teeth can be removed from the age of 13.
The intervention is performed under local anesthesia and is painless. Patients are advised to avoid physical activities for a few days after the intervention, and they are advised to eat soft foods that do not have to be chewed.