Orthopedics in dentistry has advanced so much that highly sophisticated solutions for the correction of jaw irregularities and aesthetic dental problems are now on offer.
A removable orthodontic device is a type of denture that one does not wear all the time and is not attached to the teeth. This type of prosthesis is given to developing patients, ie. children, mostly up to the age of 12 or until the emergence of permanent molars. Therapy with this type of device is effective when there is intensive growth and development of the child and thus the jaw. These devices are made of a plastic part that holds metal wires that are in contact with the teeth and are very easy to use and maintain, which is very important in children.
This type of denture is worn during the night and for several hours during the day to give results, and in addition to correcting the bite and position of the teeth, it also serves to get rid of bad habits such as sucking fingers, pushing teeth with the tongue and breathing through the mouth. With this type of therapy, it is important for the patient to be disciplined and to wear a prosthesis regularly, because only that will give adequate results.
It is ideal to monitor the patient’s condition from childhood and to make corrections with removable braces if necessary, and later, when the first permanent teeth erupt, if it is necessary to switch to other solutions. The younger the patient, the easier and faster the teeth move. Of course, even in older patients with a fully formed jaw, it is possible to achieve top results, only that it usually requires the installation of a permanent device (fixed prosthesis) and a longer duration of treatment.
This is a fixed orthodontic device that is attached to the teeth and cannot be removed as desired, but is worn for as long as the therapy lasts. With the advancement of technology, the metal from which these braces are made is lighter in weight and structure than ever before. Fixed braces are made of high quality stainless steel and have metal locks that are attached to each tooth using a special bonding cement for that purpose.
Setting up and Getting used to it
Brace installation takes about 45 minutes per jaw and is not painful. This is followed by a period of adaptation when the patient may experience a dose of discomfort, tingling and even headache, but all this is normal and these effects pass after a while. During the wearing of a fixed appliance, which is usually around two years, the patient must adjust his habits in a certain way, especially when it comes to food choices.
On a fixed device, instead of metal locks, ceramic ones can be placed, which are a much more acceptable aesthetic solution. It is a transparent, colorless ceramic material. These prostheses are significantly less noticeable, so they are a great solution for adults who have to wear them. The wire that connects the locks, as well as the rubber bands, can also be made of colorless material, which additionally contributes to the overall effect.
Everything that is hard and sticky should be thrown away – so chewing gum, snacks, nuts, hard candies, popcorn … Apples and similar foods should not be bitten but cut into pieces, because otherwise it can damage the rubber bands and locks and this requires additional a visit to the orthodontist and thus prolongs the wearing of the prosthesis. Regular oral hygiene is also crucial for the success of the therapy as well as for the maintenance of the fixed apparatus.